As you read about wildlife and nature, you will notice the phrase “Costa Rica biodiversity” more and more often. Biodiversity is the combined variety of life within a particular area. It refers to the variation of ecosystems, species, or genetics within that area.
Costa Rica is home to 5% all known species in the world, yet only encompasses .03% of earth’s surface. There are 12 unique climate and life zones, and within these zones there are hundreds of micro-climate pockets. Costa Rica is also located on an isthmus between the North and South America continents, so species from both continents migrate here or have expanded their range to this unique location.
With all of these unique attributes, Costa Rica is one of the most biologically intense places in the world.
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